Establishing a Company in KSA : The Steps Entailed
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The Steps Entailed with Establishing a Company in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia



Establishing a Company: KSA promotes a welcoming investment climate for domestic and foreign investors to readily launch their firms.

Are you considering establishing a company in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia?

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia fosters an inviting investment climate for both domestic and foreign investors, allowing them to start their businesses with ease and convenience.

This article offers you a thorough how-to that will walk you through every stage of establishing a company in the Kingdom, from deciding on the kind of business to getting the required permits.


Before Establishing a Company Process:

It is crucial to emphasise that it is possible to set up a company in Saudi Arabia without legal representation, nonetheless, it is strongly advised to retain a specialised lawyer to ensure that the process runs easily and accurately, for the following:

  • Legal expertise: The formation of a corporation necessitates a thorough comprehension of the formalities and regulations, which can occasionally be complicated.
  • Maintain legal compliance: A lawyer can assist you in making sure that you abide by all applicable local laws and regulations and steer clear of any infractions that could negatively impact your company.
  • Advice-giving: From selecting the right business structure to securing the required licences, a lawyer helps you in every step of the way as you set up your enterprise.


Initiating a Business in Saudi Arabia Involves:

The fundamental procedures for establishing a company in Saudi Arabia are as follows:

Choosing the Company Kind:

  • Individual businesses: These are the most basic kind of businesses, with simple creation and administration. They consist of speculative businesses and solidarity businesses.
  • Solidarity companies: Partners are fully liable for the obligations of the business.
  • Limited Liability Companies: These are among the most prevalent business structures, distinguished by the partners’ limited liability concerning the money they have invested.


Identifying the Trade Name:

  • The company name ought to be original and unique.
  • Its registration with another company must be validated.
  • The name needs to be appropriate for the business’s operations.


Articles of Incorporation Setting up:

  • The articles of incorporation must contain information about the company, such as its name, location, purposes, capital, and partner participation percentage.
  • A notary shall notarise the articles of incorporation.


Creating a Bank Account:

  • Opening a bank account under the company’s name is necessary.
  • The bank account ought to receive the capital.


Articles of Incorporation Documentation:

  • The Ministry of Commerce and Investment must authenticate the articles of formation.
  • The Ministry issues the company’s commercial register.


Commercial Register Issuance:

  • A formal document that certifies the company’s existence is the commercial register.
  • The Ministry of Commerce and Investment’s electronic portal is the source for commercial registration.


Acquiring the Necessary Licences:

  • The licences necessary differ according to the sort of business operation.
  • Licences are available from the appropriate authorities, which could be the municipality or the Ministry of Investment.


Establishment Fees in the Kingdom:

The establishment fees of enterprises in Saudi Arabia are contingent upon the nature and magnitude of the enterprise. However, fees generally consist of:

  • Publishing fees: to declare the company’s founding in the Official Gazette, the anticipated cost is 500 Saudi riyals.
  • Added-tax fees: applied to the total amount of other fees at a rate of 5%.
  • Chamber of Commerce fees: They are based on the client’s requested number of years and fall under the corporate class category.


Steps to Follow After Settling the Establishment Fees:

Following the payment of the business establishment fees, the following actions are listed:

1. A company’s registration with the appropriate authorities:

  • Ministry of Human Resources and Social Development: The business must register with the Ministry to receive a business record, register personnel, and grant work permits.
  • Zakat, Tax and Customs Authority: To pay the required taxes, the company needs to be registered with the Authority.
  • General Organisation for Social Insurance: It requires that the business register to provide workers with work-related risk insurance.
  • Chambers of Commerce: The business needs to be a member of the local Chamber of Commerce in its area.

2. Submit the facility’s national address to the Saudi Post.

3. Register for Zakat.

  • Through the web portal of the Zakat, Tax and Customs Authority, one can register for Zakat.

4. Obtaining an immediate commercial license (optional):

  • With this licence, the business doesn’t have to wait around for long to begin conducting business.

5. Getting a business ID card (optional):

  • A business can more easily complete some transactions with the use of its official ID card, which serves as proof of its existence.


Can Non-Saudi Investors Open Businesses in the Kingdom?

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia permits non-Saudi investors to form a corporation, subject to several considerations and conditions:

1. Company Type

Foreigners can establish a limited liability company (LLC) or joint stock company.

2. Permissible foreigner percentage

Foreigners may own up to 49% of the capital of a limited liability business; Saudi nationals must own the remaining 51%.

3. Economic domain and company activities

The business’s operations must comply with all applicable local laws and ordinances.

4. Required licences and documents

The competent authorities, such as the Ministry of Investment, must grant the required licences.

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